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Friday, May 23, 2008

Guru Amar Daas Ji Maharaaj

"The Unspoken speech of Guru Amar Daas cannot be expressed with only one tongue."

Guru Amar Das Ji Maharaj was the third Guru and became Guru on 26 March 1552 at the age of 73 following in the footsteps of Sri Guru Angad Dev Sahib Ji Maharaj, who left for his heavenly abode on 29 March 1552 aged 48. Guru Amar Das ji was 73 years old when he became the Sikh Guru.

Guru Ji was the eldest son of Sri Tej Bhan Ji a farmer and trader and Mata Lachmi Ji, his devoted mother. He was a shopkeeper and lived in a village called Basarke which is near Amritsar. The third Sikh Guru was married to Mata Mansa Devi and they had four children - Two sons named Bhai Mohan and Bhai Mohri and two daughters named Bibi Dani Ji and younger daughter named Bibi Bhani Ji. Bibi Bhani later married Bhai Jetha who became the fourth Sikh Guru, Guru Ram Das.
The Third Sikh Guru contributed the following to the people of the world:
- All visitors to Gurdwaras were to take Langar (Free Blessed Food) together before seeing the Guru.
- Further abolished the Caste System.
- Guru lifted the status of women and gave them equality with men. He strictly prohibited the practice of Sati (the dying of the wife on her husband's funeral pyre).
- Established a system for management of the increasing size of the Sikh congregations.
- Gift of the prayer called Anand Sahib, which is one of the Five Banis recited daily by Sikhs.
- Established the city of Goindval on the banks of river Bias in 1552 A.D.
- The Guru contributed a total of 907 hymns to the Sri Guru Granth Sahib.
- Before Guru Ji died at the age of 95, he nominated Guru Ram Das Ji Maharaj (Bhai Jetha) as the fourth Guru of the Sikhs.

1 comment:

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